A Novel Indoor Positioning System for unprepared firefighting scenarios
Situational awareness and Indoor location tracking for firefighters is one of the tasks with paramount importance in search and rescue operations. For Indoor Positioning systems (IPS), GPS is not the best possible solution. There are few other techniques like dead reckoning, Wifi and bluetooth based triangulation, Structure from Motion (SFM) based scene reconstruction for Indoor positioning system. However due to high temperatures, the rapidly changing environment of fires, and low parallax in the thermal images, these techniques are not suitable for relaying the necessary information in a fire fighting environment needed to increase situational awareness in real time. In fire fighting environments, thermal imaging cameras are used due to smoke and low visibility hence obtaining relative orientation from the vanishing point estimation is very difficult. The following technique that is the content of this research implements a novel optical flow based video compass for orientation estimation and fused IMU data based activity recognition for IPS. This technique helps first responders to go into unprepared, unknown environments and still maintain situational awareness like the orientation and, position of the victim fire fighters.