ABCDE -- Agile Block Chain Dapp Engineering
Lodovica Marchesi, Michele Marchesi, Roberto Tonelli
Cryptocurrencies and their foundation technology, the Blockchain, are
reshaping finance and economics, allowing a decentralized approach enabling
trusted applications with no trusted counterpart. More recently, the Blockchain
and the programs running on it, called Smart Contracts, are also finding more
and more applications in all fields requiring trust and sound certifications.
Some people have come to the point of saying that the "Blockchain revolution"
can be compared to that of the Internet and the Web in their early days. As a
result, all software development revolving around the Blockchain technology is
growing at a staggering rate. The feeling of many software engineers about such
huge interest in Blockchain technologies is that of unruled and hurried
software development, a sort of competition on a first-come-first-served basis
which does not assure neither software quality, nor that the basic concepts of
software engineering are taken into account. This paper tries to cope with this
issue, proposing a software development process to gather the requirement,
analyze, design, develop, test and deploy Blockchain applications. The process
is based on several Agile practices, such as User Stories and iterative and
incremental development based on them. However, it makes also use of more
formal notations, such as some UML diagrams describing the design of the
system, with additions to represent specific concepts found in Blockchain
development. The method is described in good detail, and an example is given to
show how it works.