Attention Mechanisms in Computer Vision: A Survey
Humans can naturally and effectively find salient regions in complex scenes.
Motivated by this observation, attention mechanisms were introduced into
computer vision with the aim of imitating this aspect of the human visual
system. Such an attention mechanism can be regarded as a dynamic weight
adjustment process based on features of the input image. Attention mechanisms
have achieved great success in many visual tasks, including image
classification, object detection, semantic segmentation, video understanding,
image generation, 3D vision, multi-modal tasks and self-supervised learning. In
this survey, we provide a comprehensive review of various attention mechanisms
in computer vision and categorize them according to approach, such as channel
attention, spatial attention, temporal attention and branch attention; a
related repository this https URL is
dedicated to collecting related work. We also suggest future directions for
attention mechanism research.