Machine Learning on Graphs: A Model and Comprehensive Taxonomy

There has been a surge of recent interest in learning representations for
graph-structured data. Graph representation learning methods have generally
fallen into three main categories, based on the availability of labeled data.
The first, network embedding (such as shallow graph embedding or graph
auto-encoders), focuses on learning unsupervised representations of relational
structure. The second, graph regularized neural networks, leverages graphs to
augment neural network losses with a regularization objective for
semi-supervised learning. The third, graph neural networks, aims to learn
differentiable functions over discrete topologies with arbitrary structure.
However, despite the popularity of these areas there has been surprisingly
little work on unifying the three paradigms. Here, we aim to bridge the gap
between graph neural networks, network embedding and graph regularization
models. We propose a comprehensive taxonomy of representation learning methods
for graph-structured data, aiming to unify several disparate bodies of work.
Specifically, we propose a Graph Encoder Decoder Model (GRAPHEDM), which
generalizes popular algorithms for semi-supervised learning on graphs (e.g.
GraphSage, Graph Convolutional Networks, Graph Attention Networks), and
unsupervised learning of graph representations (e.g. DeepWalk, node2vec, etc)
into a single consistent approach. To illustrate the generality of this
approach, we fit over thirty existing methods into this framework. We believe
that this unifying view both provides a solid foundation for understanding the
intuition behind these methods, and enables future research in the area.

Authors

Ines Chami, Sami Abu-El-Haija, Bryan Perozzi, Christopher Ré, Kevin Murphy