Reality-based UTXO Ledger
The Unspent Transaction Output (UTXO) model is commonly used in the field of
Distributed Ledger Technology (DLT) to transfer value between participants. One
of its advantages is that it allows parallel processing of transactions, as
independent transactions can be added in any order. This property of order
invariance and parallelisability has potential benefits in terms of
scalability. However, since the UTXO Ledger is an append-only data structure,
this advantage is compromised through the presence of conflicting transactions.
We propose an extended UTXO Ledger model that optimistically updates the ledger
and keeps track of the dependencies of the possible conflicts. In the presence
of a conflict resolution mechanism, we propose a method to reduce the extended
ledger back to a consistent UTXO Ledger.